7.5 Access Drives, Accessways & Access Management
1. Access Drives
- No driveway or access to or from any property shall be so located at its juncture with a street as to create a danger or menace to the community or to the convenience or proper use of the adjacent property.
- No driveway shall provide access to a lot located in another Zoning District, if said lot is used for any use, principal or accessory, not permitted in the district in which such driveway is located.
- No driveway shall be located closer than 50 feet to any street intersection measured along the street lines. In any non-residential district, no two driveways on the same lot shall be located closer than 25 feet to each other at their closest limits.
2. Accessways - Basic Limitations
- For any lot which does not meet the minimum lot width requirement, a twenty-five (25) foot wide area between the street line and the required front yard setback shall be excluded in calculating the total area of the lot for purposes of minimum lot size.
- An accessway shall not exceed a length of two hundred and fifty (250) feet unless authorized under the provisions of Section 8.2.B, at which point the lot shall be required to meet the lot width requirements of the zone that the lot is located in.
- The maximum number of adjoining accessways shall not exceed two, unless otherwise permitted by the Planning and Zoning Commission at the time of subdivision approval.
- In an instance where two rear lots are being serviced by separate accessways, a common or shared driveway may be provided anywhere within these access areas in conformance with Section 7.5. Where two or more accessways are adjoining and a common or shared driveway will be provided, the width of each accessway may be reduced from 25 feet to a twenty (20) foot width for each lot being served.
3. Accessways in Excess of 250 Feet
Accessways to serve lots may be permitted in excess of 250 feet at the discretion of the Planning and Zoning Commission when the following conditions are deemed to be met:
- Accessways are adequate in width, grade and alignment so that all buildings, structures, uses and equipment are readily accessible for fire, emergency, and police protection.
- Sufficient utility systems are suitably located and adequately designed to serve proposed uses and protect the public health and welfare.
- The accessway shall not exceed a length of 400 feet, at which point the lot must meet the lot width requirements of the zone that the lot is located in.
- New utilities provided to service uses and buildings on lots beyond the 250 foot length shall be installed underground.
- Where lot size, shape or excessive depths topography and/or significant land features such as bedrock, wetlands, or coastal resources, make it infeasible to comply with the provisions of Section 8.2.A, and would thus deprive the owner or applicant of reasonable use of the property.
4. Access Management
In business areas and along major streets, the Commission may:
- Seek to reduce or eliminate existing driveways;
- Require that property owners provide easements granting the right of access, egress, and passage to the Town and/or abutting properties;
- Require that property owners use easements granting the right of access, egress, and passage previously obtained from abutting properties; and/or
- Implement other approaches to accomplish access management strategies.