5.2 CAM Coastal Area Management Overlay Zone

5.2.A Purpose

This Section of the Regulations is adopted for the purpose of managing activities within the coastal area and implementing the provisions of Chapter 444 of the Connecticut General Statutes (CGS Sections 22a-90 through 22a-115).

5.2.B Zone Location

The Coastal Area Management Overlay Zone applies to all areas within the coastal boundary, as defined by CGS Section 22a-94, and as adopted and delineated on the Coastal Boundary Map for the City of Groton on file in the office of the City Clerk.

5.2.C Applicability

Except as may be exempted in Section 5.2.E below, all buildings, uses and structures fully or partially within the Coastal Area Management Overlay Zone shall be subject to the coastal site plan review requirements and procedures in:

5.2.D Coastal Resource Setback

  • No new building construction, including minor additions to or modifications of existing buildings, such as garages, utility sheds, pools, tennis courts or parking lots, shall be permitted within 25 feet of any tidal waterbody or watercourse or of the following coastal resource areas: tidal wetlands, coastal bluffs, escarpments, beaches or dunes, as defined by Chapter 444, Section 22a-93(7) of the Connecticut General Statutes or shown on the map entitled, "Coastal Resource Map" on file in the office of the City Clerk.
  • This setback shall apply to all lots within the Coastal Area Management Overlay Zone, in addition to the requirement of lot, building and yard setback requirements in the underlying zoning district, except that it shall not apply to:
    • Section 4.1 Waterfront Business Residence Zone District, or
    • Water-dependent uses as defined by Chapter 444, Section 22a-93(16) of the Connecticut General Statutes.

5.2.E Coastal Site Plan Review Exemptions

Pursuant to CGS Section 22a-109(b), the activities are exempt from coastal site plan review requirements for the applications specified in Section 5.2.F of these Regulations:

  • Gardening, grazing and the harvesting of crops;
  • Minor additions to or modifications of existing buildings or detached accessory buildings, such as garages and utility sheds;
  • Construction of new or modification of existing structures incidental to the enjoyment and maintenance of a one- or two-family residential property, including, but not limited to, walks, terraces, driveways, swimming pools, tennis courts, docks, and detached accessory buildings;
  • Construction of the following new or modifications of the following existing on premise structures: fences, walls, pedestrian walks and terraces, underground utility connections, essential electric, gas, telephone, water and sewer service lines, signs, and such other minor structures as will not substantially alter the natural character of coastal resources, as defined by CGS Section 22a-93(7) or restrict access along the public beach;
  • Construction of an individual single family residential structure, except in or within 100 feet of the coastal resource areas, as defined by CGS Section 22a-93(7):
    • Tidal wetlands;
    • Coastal bluffs and escarpments;
    • Beaches; and
    • Dunes
  • Activities conducted for the specific purpose of conserving or preserving soil, vegetation, water, fish, shellfish, wildlife and other coastal and water resources.
  • Interior modifications to buildings;
  • Minor changes in use of a building, structure, or property except those changes occurring on property adjacent to or abutting coastal waters.

5.2.F Effect of Coastal Site Plan Review Exemptions

The exemptions from coastal site plan review requirements as provided in Section 5.2.E above shall apply to the following applications:

  • Site plan applications submitted to the Commission in accordance with CGS Section 22a-109 and Section 9.3 of these Regulations;
  • Application for a Special Permit submitted to the Commission in accordance with CGS Section 8-2 and Section 9.4 of these Regulations.
  • Applications for a variance submitted to the Zoning Board of Appeals in accordance with CGS Section 8-6(3) and Section 9.7 of these Regulations; except that a use variance shall not be exempt from coastal site plan review.
  • A referral of a proposed municipal improvement project to the Commission in accordance with CGS Section 8-24.