4.2 FCD – Five Corners District

4.2.A Purpose

The purpose of the Five Corners District as delineated on the Zoning Map is to reinforce and enhance the Five Corners area as a mixed-use and pedestrian-friendly focal point within the City of Groton, to establish opportunities for new development at an appropriate scale and intensity, and to provide for appropriate transitions to adjacent uses and neighborhoods.

4.2.B Village District Declared

In accordance with CGS Section 8-2j and as recommended in the 2008 Plan of Conservation and Development, the Five Corners District is hereby declared to be a "village district" in order to protect and promote a distinctive character and landscape within the district.

4.2.C Principal Uses Permitted By Site Plan Approval (Commission or City Planner)

  • Mixed use building(s) containing a combination of dwelling units and permitted businesses and service uses provided that, in a mixed-use building fronting on a public street, dwelling units shall be limited to areas above the first floor.
  • Buildings containing a combination of business and/or service uses permitted by Site Plan Approval.
  • Retail businesses as defined in these Regulations.
  • Eating and/or drinking establishments.
  • Business service establishments.
  • Business and professional offices.
  • Personal service establishments as defined in these Regulations.
  • Dry cleaning and laundry pickup stations where the processing is done elsewhere.
  • Artist's studios and galleries.
  • Telecommunication facilities, subject to the requirements of Section 6.12 of these Regulations.

4.2.D Principal Uses Permitted By Special Permit Approval & Site Plan Approval (Commission)

  • Multi-family buildings provided that any such buildings do not front directly on a street and are located to the rear of a building fronting directly on a street and containing business uses on the street level.
  • Parking lots and garages in accordance with Section 7.1.
  • Clubs, lodges, or associations.
  • Public buildings.
  • Public utility buildings and facilities.
  • Mixed use building(s) that allow dwelling units in conjunction with any principal use permitted by Section 4.2.B and or 4.2.C ("live - work" opportunities) provided that dwelling units shall be limited to areas above the first floor.

4.2.E Permitted Accessory Buildings, Structures & Uses

  • Accessory buildings and uses which are clearly subordinate and customarily incidental to and located on the same lot with the principal use, and that will not be hazardous to the public health, safety, and welfare.
  • Micro-brewery-distillery-winery as an accessory use to a restaurant or drinking establishment provided that:
    • Such use shall only be authorized through Special Permit Approval and Site Plan Approval by the Commission.
    • The combined gross floor area of the principal use and the accessory use shall not exceed 3,000 SF.
    • The area devoted to production shall not exceed twenty-five (25%)% of the gross floor area.
    • Parking for both the principal use and the accessory use shall be established in accordance with Section 7.1.
    • The Commission may limit the hours that the micro-brewery-distillery-winery operation is open to the public to the same hours as the principal use.
    • Production shall be limited to not more than 10,000 barrels annually in the case of beer, and/or not more than 10,000 gallons annually of wine or spirits, or a combination thereof.
    • Prior to a zoning compliance permit being issued, the Applicant shall demonstrate compliance with State and Federal laws and regulations, and shall have obtained all permits required thereunder.
  • Temporary outdoor events subject to approval by the City Planner and Police Department and provided that placement of merchandise or other objects does not obstruct the sidewalk, affect public safety, or unreasonably reduce parking.

4.2.F Dimensional Standards


FCD Distric

Minimum Lot Area4,000 square feet
Minimum Lot WidthNo requirement
Minimum Front Yard SetbackNo requirement except there shall be a minimum sidewalk width of 10 feet from the edge of the curb.
Maximum Front Yard Setback10 Feet
Minimum Side Yard Setback8 feet where the lot abuts a residential zone

Otherwise no requirement.

Minimum Rear Yard Setback15 feet where the lot abuts a residential zone

Otherwise no requirement.

Maximum Building Coverage50%
Maximum Building Height45 feet

Notes

  • Section 8.3 of the Regulations may provide flexibility related to some of these dimensional standards.

4.2.G Parking and Loading Requirements

Since the Five Corners District is important to the city's character and because its physical integrity must be enhanced, and further because it is desirable to utilize new and existing buildings as fully and as efficiently as possible, parking for uses within the District may be provided as follows:

  • On street parking is encouraged and the Commission may, by Special Permit, reduce the parking requirements in Section 7.1 of these Regulations by up to 50% for non-residential uses within the Five Corners District if the developer provides such spaces on-street in locations deemed acceptable to the Commission.
  • Off-street parking, when provided, shall be located to the side and rear of buildings and shall be buffered or shielded from the sidewalk by a solid wall or hedge.
  • The Commission may, by Special Permit, reduce the parking requirements in Section 7.1 of these Regulations by up to 33% for non-residential uses within the Five Corners District if the developer provides such spaces either:
    • On the subject property in a configuration which makes such spaces available to the general public; or
    • On other property in the vicinity provided such spaces are:
      • Subject to a deed restriction binding the owner and his/her heirs and assigns to maintain the required number of spaces either (1) throughout the existence of the use to which they are accessory, or (2) until such spaces are provided elsewhere, and
      • Configured to make such spaces available to the general public.
  • If such spaces are reserved for a specific non-residential use or are not configured to make such spaces available to the general public, the Commission may allow the parking required by Section 7.1 of these Regulations to be provided either:
    • On the site which they serve; or
    • On other property in the vicinity provided that:
      • Said spaces are within 500 feet walking distance of the lot or use which they serve.

      • Such spaces shall be in the same ownership as the use which they serve or shall be subject to a deed restriction binding the owner and his/her heirs and assigns to maintain the required number of spaces either (1) throughout the existence of the use to which they are accessory, or (2) until such spaces are provided elsewhere.

  • Payment of a fee-in-lieu of parking to the City to be put into a dedicated fund for the creation of parking within the Five Corners area.
  • A combination of the above.

4.2.H Design Considerations

As part of the review of any application in the Five Corners District, the Commission shall consider:

  • The purposes of this Section;
  • The design considerations set forth in Section 8.4 of these Regulations especially since the FCD has been designated as a "village district" as authorized by CGS Section 8-2j;
  • Any design considerations set forth in the Special Permit review (Section 9.4) section of these Regulations; and
  • The extent to which:
    • The design of new buildings and additions or modifications to existing buildings shall be harmonious with the desire to create a mixed-use and pedestrian-friendly focal point reflecting Groton' overall architecture and its seaside New England presence in terms of scale, massing, articulation, and architectural features.
    • The configuration of traffic circulation, parking, sidewalks, landscaping, signage, and other improvements contribute to the desire to create a mixed-use and pedestrian-friendly focal point reflecting Groton' overall architecture and its seaside New England presence.
    • Drive-in establishments or uses with drive-in facilities and any entrance or exit driveways interrupt the creation of a pedestrian-friendly street.