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  • Day Care-Related Terms
  • Day Care -A program of supplementary care to people outside their own homes on a regular basis for a part of the twenty-four hours in one or more days in the week, generally excluding overnight hours.
  • Adult Day Care -Day care provided to adults unable to take care of themselves and/or in need of assistance.
  • Child Day Care -Day care provided to children, including nursery school and pre-school programs.
  • Day Care Center -A location which offers or provides day care to more than twelve related or unrelated people outside their own homes on a regular basis.
  • Family Day Care Home (Child) -A private family home caring for not more than six children, including the provider's own children not in school full time, where the children are cared for not less than three or more than twelve hours during a twenty-four-hour period and where care is given on a regularly recurring basis except that care may be provided in excess of twelve hours but not more than seventy-two consecutive hours to accommodate a need for extended care or intermittent short-term overnight care. During the regular school year, a maximum of three additional children who are in school full time, including the provider's own children, shall be permitted, except that if the provider has more than three children who are in school full time, all of the provider's children shall be permitted; This definition shall not be deemed to represent an intensification of use of a property.
  • Family Day Care Home (Adult) -A private family home caring for not more than six people, including the provider's own adult relatives where the people are cared for not less than three or more than twelve hours during a twenty-four-hour period and where care is given on a regularly recurring basis.
  • Group Day Care Home -A location which offers or provides day care:
    • to not fewer than seven or more than 12 related or unrelated people; or
    • That meets the definition of a family day care home except that it operates in a facility other than a private family home.
  • Developable Land - With regard to limitations on the number of lots in a subdivision in a residential zone, the amount of developable land is determined by the following methodology:
    • Take the "gross area" of the property.
    • Deduct the area of easements, rights-of-way, and other areas restricted from development use to determine the "available area".
    • Calculate each of the following:

Resource-Restricted Area 

Within the "available area", determine the amount of "resource area" by summing the area(s) on the property that are restricted due to the presence of any of the resources:

  • Inland wetlands;
  • Tidal wetlands;
  • Steep slopes (20% or steeper); or


d. Coastal resources as defined by Section 22a- 93(7) of the Connecticut General Statutes, except shorelands, developed shorefronts and coastal flood hazard areas.

Minimum Open Space Area

  • In accordance with Section 3.05.5 of the Subdivision Regulations, multiply the "gross area" of the property by the open space set-aside percentage.
  • Express the result in square feet or acres.

Determine the percentage that the "resource area" represents relative to the "available area."

  • Multiply the resource area by this percentage (for example, if the resource area represents 26% of the available area, take 26% of the resource area) to determine the resource deduction (expressed in square feet or acres).
  • Determine which result ("resource-restricted area" or "minimum open space area" is larger) and deduct this from the "available area" to result in "developable area."

Development - Any man-made change to improved or unimproved real estate, including, but not limited to, the construction of buildings or structures; the construction of additions, alterations or substantial improvements to buildings or structures; the placement of buildings or structures; mining, dredging, filling, grading, paving, excavation or drilling operations or storage of equipment; the storage, deposition, or extraction of materials; and the installation, repair or removal of public or private sewage disposal systems or water supply facilities.

  • Drinking Establishment - An establishment where the primary activity is the sale of alcoholic beverages at retail for consumption on the premises under a permit from the Liquor Control Commission for a café or tavern.
  • Drive-In Establishment - A business establishment so developed that its principal retail or service character is dependent on providing a driveway approach or parking spaces for motor vehicles so as to either serve patrons while in the motor vehicle or permits consumption in the motor vehicle of food or beverage obtained by a patron from said business establishment, (e.g., restaurants, service stations, cleaners, banks, theaters, etc.).
  • Drop Box - An outdoor receptacle used to receive donations or contributions which has not been specifically approved or authorized by the City Planner or by the Commission.

Dwelling-Related Terms

  • Dwelling - A building, or portion thereof, other than a Quonset hut, Nielson hut, or similar portable buildings used exclusively for residential occupancy, including one-family, two-family, and multi-family dwellings.
  • Dwelling Unit - A dwelling, or portion thereof, providing a single housekeeping unit with complete living, sleeping, cooking, and eating facilities, including bathroom facilities.
  • One-Family Detached Dwelling- A dwelling accommodating one dwelling unit and having no party walls or walls in common with an adjacent house or houses.
  • One-Family Semi-Detached Dwelling- A one-family dwelling having one vertical party wall in common with an adjacent house, the two houses together accommodating but two dwelling units, one on either side of the vertical party wall.
  • Two-Family Detached Dwelling- A dwelling accommodating two dwelling units and having no vertical party wall or walls in common with an adjacent house or houses.
  • Multiple-Family Dwelling- A dwelling in which three or more families dwell independently, each occupying one or more bedrooms and kitchen.
  • Eating Establishment - See "Restaurant in Section 2.2 of these Regulations.
  • Family - Any number of individuals occupying a dwelling unit and living and cooking together as a single not-for-profit housekeeping unit, with all rooms used in common. Occupants of an Institutional Residential Facility as that term is used in these Regulations shall not be considered to constitute a family.
  • Family Day Care Home - See "Day Care-Related Terms" in Section 2.2 of these Regulations.
  • Farm - A property used for farming including the farm buildings, and accessory buildings thereto, nurseries, orchards, ranges, greenhouses, hoop-houses and other temporary structures or other farming structures used primarily for the raising and, as an incident to ordinary farming operations, the sale of agricultural or horticultural commodities.
  • Farming - See "Agriculture" in Section 2.2 of these Regulations.
  • Ferry And Boat-Related Terms
  • Board / Passenger / Vehicle Ferry -A ferry boat which carries passengers and vehicles on trips which have separate origin and destination points, one or both of which are within the City of Groton.
  • Passenger Ferry -A ferry boat intended to carry passengers only and not vehicles on trips which have separate origin and destination points, one or both of which are within the City of Groton.
  • Tour / Sportfishing Boat -Boats which carry passengers on recreational trips, when the trip has an origin point within the City of Groton.
  • Flood-Related Terms
  • See "Flood-Related Terms" in Section 5.3.D of these Regulations.
  • Floor Area - The floor area of a building is the sum of the gross horizontal areas of the several floors of all buildings on the lot, measured from the exterior faces of exterior walls or from the centerline of walls separating two buildings. Floor area shall include the area of basements when used for residential, commercial, or industrial purposes, but need not include a cellar or portion of a basement used for incidental storage or housing of mechanical or central heating equipment.
  • Functionally-Dependent Facility -See "Water Dependent" in Section 2.2 of these Regulations.