1. Regulatory Basics

1.1 Authority

The Planning and Zoning Commission of the City of Groton, Connecticut, in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 124 of the Connecticut General Statutes (CGS), as amended, has adopted and established the following Zoning Regulations for the City of Groton, Connecticut.

1.2 Purpose

In accordance with CGS Section 8-2, as amended, these Regulations are adopted to:

  1. Promote the orderly development of the City in accordance with the Plan of Conservation and Development;
  2. Lessen congestion in the streets;
  3. Secure safety from fire, panic, flood and other dangers;
  4. Promote health and the general welfare;
  5. Provide adequate light and air;
  6. Prevent the overcrowding of land;
  7. Avoid undue concentration of population; and
  8. Facilitate the adequate provision for transportation, water, sewerage, schools, parks and other public requirements.

1.3 Jurisdiction

These regulations apply to all areas within the jurisdictional limits of the City of Groton including all buildings, land and water areas, unless otherwise prohibited by federal or state law.

1.4  Zoning Districts and Zoning Map

 

1.4.A        Zoning Map

1. In order to accomplish the purposes of these Regulations, the City is divided into zoning districts as enumerated within these Regulations.

2. The location and boundaries of said zones are set forth on the map entitled, “Zoning Map of the City of Groton” which is filed in the office of the City Clerk.

3. Such zoning map, with all explanatory matter thereon, is hereby declared to be a part of these Regulations as fully as if set out herein.

 

1.4.B Interpretation of District Boundaries

1. The zone boundary lines are intended generally to follow the centerlines of streets and similar rights-of-way, rivers, lot lines, or City boundary lines, all as shown on the Zoning Map; but where a zone boundary line does not follow such a line, its position shall be determined by how such boundary is depicted on said Zoning Map.

2. In case of uncertainty as to the true location of a zone boundary line in a particular instance, the determination thereof shall be made by the Planning and Zoning Commission.

1.5  Construction of Regulations

 

1.5.A        Permitted and Prohibited Uses

  1. No land, premises, building or structure shall be used or occupied, in whole or in part, for any purpose other than as permitted by these Regulations for the zone in which the land, premises, building or structure is located.
  2. All uses or occupancy of land, premises, building or structure shall be in conformity with the Regulations for that zone in which such land, premises, building or structure is located.
  3. Any use not permitted within a zoning district by these Regulations shall be deemed to be prohibited within such district.

 

1.5.B         Permitted and Prohibited Buildings and Structures

  1. No building or structure shall be erected, raised, moved, extended, enlarged, or altered for any purpose unless permitted by these Regulations for the zone in which the building or structure is located.
  2. All construction shall be in conformity with the Regulations provided for that zone in which such building or structure is located.
  3. Any building or structure not permitted within a zoning district by these Regulations shall be deemed to be prohibited within such district.

 

1.5.C         Minimum Requirement

In their interpretation and application, the provisions of these Regulations shall be held to be the minimum requirements adopted for the promotion of the public health, safety and comfort, convenience and general welfare unless the context clearly indicates that the provision is intended to be a maximum limitation.

 

1.5.D        Reduction of Lot Area or Dimension

  1. No lot or parcel shall be divided, subdivided or re-subdivided unless all parcels and lots meet all of the requirements for the zone in which they are located.
  2. No lot or parcel shall be so reduced, divided, or created that the area, width or other dimensions of any of the lots or parcels or any required yard setbacks or required open areas of any of the lots or parcels shall be less than prescribed by these Regulations.
  3. No building or structure or other site improvement shall be established, altered, modified, or enlarged such that the building coverage or lot coverage exceeds that which is prescribed by these Regulations.

 

1.5.E         In Case of Conflict

  1. These Regulations are not intended to interfere with:
  1. Any existing provisions of public law or ordinance;
  2. Any rules, regulations, or permits to the use of buildings or premises; or
  3. Any private easements, covenants or other agreements between parties.

 

  1. However, where these Regulations impose a greater restriction upon the use of buildings or premises or upon the height of buildings or require larger yard setbacks, courts, or other standards than are imposed or required by other provisions of law or ordinance or by other rules, regulations or permits or by easements, covenants or agreements, the provisions of these Regulations shall control.

1.6  Validity and Severability

  1. If any Section, paragraph, subdivision, clause or provision of these Regulations is adjudged to be invalid, such adjudication shall apply only to the Section, paragraph, subdivision, clause or provision so adjudged, and the remainder of these Regulations shall be deemed valid and effective.
  2. All regulations and ordinances and parts thereof previously adopted for the City of Groton and in conflict herewith are hereby repealed.

1.7  Effective Date

  1. Zoning Regulations were originally adopted in the City of Groton in 1975 and became effective on May 15, 1975.
  2. These Regulations and any amendments hereto shall become effective, as provided by law, upon enactment by the Planning and Zoning Commission of the City of Groton, Connecticut.
Groton